The use of reinforced concrete foundation when laying construction is a guarantor of its durability. Such foundations are used for both private houses and industrial premises. 3 types distinguish them – column, tape and solid.
Column bases are created from reinforced concrete piles installed on the load -bearing parts of the building. The strip foundation involves the creation of a structure around the entire perimeter of the room. The continuous foundation is installed under the entire area of the building.
There is also another classification of reinforced concrete foundations according to which they are divided into prefabricated and monolithic purposes. Prefabricated foundations exist whole or consisting of several parts. Collectible whole foundations are small in size, they fit into special nests. To create a design from several parts, more material is required and it is installed by welding parts.
The construction of a strip reinforced concrete foundation begins with the marking of the territory and the acquisition of the necessary materials. Marking implies the location of reinforcing rods with threads at the place of future passage of the foundation. After the marking ends, you can proceed to the next stage – digging trenches. This can be done both using special equipment, and manually.
After the trench is dug up, you need to fill it with rubble and sand, and pour water on top and compact tightly. The next stage is the creation of formwork. Also think about the waterproofing of the foundation, a polyethylene film is perfect for these purposes.
This is followed by reinforcement of the entire structure of metal rods. After that, you can proceed to the creation of ventilation holes and the installation of the communication system.
The last stage of this long process is to fill the foundation. It is better to use only high -quality cement and cook it in a concrete mixer. You also need to monitor weather conditions, since the heat, rains and cold can negatively affect the strength of the foundation.
Collective foundations consist of a certain number of different details. They are quite weighty, so for the installation you will need a special technique. As a rule, this type of foundation is used in buildings with a basement or basement.
The foundations of a continuous type are used in buildings in areas where there is a danger of earthquakes or raising groundwater.